Buscamos inspiração na pessoa de Jesus para fazermos a nossa jardinagem do espírito. Ele foi o jardineiro por excelência. Soube cultivar as sementes da fé para produzirem plantas que fornecem abrigo e sustento. Este blog é um esforço para fazer a nossa jardinagem das passagens bíblicas à luz de Jesus que é digno de servir como nosso modelo.
Convidamos os leitores a aprenderem com ELE e fazerem a sua própria jardinagem.
sexta-feira, 26 de agosto de 2016
MONSTERS AND HOPE
my vision at night I looked,
and there before me
were the four winds of heaven
churning up the great sea.
Four great beasts,
each different from the others,
came up out of the sea.
Daniel 7:2b-3 (read 7:1-3, 15-18 ) - NIV
Israel has never
been a world power. Even at the height of the reigns of King David and King
Solomon it was never more than "minnow" in the sea of
"sharks". Modern archeology reveals that the glory and power of kings
David and Solomon as related in the Old Testament were myths created to support
a national identity after the exile in the sixth and fifth centuries bC.*
Daniel had his
dream when Judah was apparently destroyed, swallowed by the monster powers of
the era. Attempts at interpretation of the Book of Daniel as future historical
events are pure guesswork. Each generation of interpreters for over two
millennia reaches different conclusions. The "four monsters" are
present in ALL periods of history. They represent the spiritualties that seek
to dominate religion, economics, politics and science in all of history. Each
area has its "monsters" who seek to dominate all the others.
This view is
more relevant than ever before. Never in human history have there been such
strong winds agitating the social seas and so many monsters emerging to gain
dominance. The strong winds, agitated seas and monsters represent forces beyond
our control that are causing terror and despair. They are blind forces bent on
the destruction of others so that they can dominate. They spread fear.
But also in
human history there have always been people who were not intimidated by the
winds, waves and monsters or submissive to them. They saw beyond the present
moment: that winds die down, waves subside and monsters die. Nothing is all-powerful
Before us there
is the choice between entering into the rules of the game of violence and power
or seeing beyond appearances and being guided by the higher principles of
compassion and solidarity. Jesus represents the latter and calls it The Kingdom
The big problem
is that it is easy to confuse one with the other. The "monsters" may
disguise themselves as benign, posing as saviors and offering solutions to the
existing evils. They may attract crowds and win great followings. In the name
of good and God they use the method of manipulation and create power structures
which seek to impose a “good” order which is also based on force.
In politics, the
"monsters" are powerful at all levels of government, employing
violence, cohesion and corruption to achieve their purposes. In economics
globalization is dominated by a relatively small number, leaving billions of
impoverished people living in subhuman conditions. The gulf between rich and
poor is increasing. Religions create spiritual elitism and prejudices. They,
too, are arenas of internal power struggles. Many perceive outsiders as
potential converts or as evil. They struggle to destroy what they see as
"evil" by resorting to "holy wars" and terrorism. The "monsters"
are ever-present in the human scene.
people of the Most High" (v.18) are those who do not play the game of
power, but follow the path that Jesus pointed out, embodying love and
compassion. They may be victimized, but are within the Kingdom and example to
*THE BIBLE UNEARTHED, by Israel Finkelstein and Neil
Silberman Ascher. Based on recent archaeological discoveries by Jewish
7:1-3 – NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION (NIV)
In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon,
Daniel had a dream, and visions passed through his mind as he was lying in bed.
He wrote down the substance of his dream.
Daniel said: “In my vision at night I looked, and
there before me were the four winds of heaven churning up the great sea. Four
great beasts, each different from the others, came up out of the sea.
“I, Daniel, was troubled in spirit, and the visions
that passed through my mind disturbed me. I approached one of those standing
there and asked him the meaning of all this.
“So he told me and gave me the interpretation of these
things: ‘The four great beasts are four kings that will rise from the earth. But
the holy people of the Most High will receive the kingdom and will possess it
forever—yes, for ever and ever.’